Step Two: Exfoliation and Skin Renewal
There are three types of exfoliants: physical, chemical, and enzyme. Chemical exfoliants are our favorites because they provide deeper, more uniform exfoliation and are highly effective at eliminating spots, marks, and helping control acne. They also smooth laugh lines and notably enhance texture.
Over time, dead skin cells accumulate on the stratum corneum (the outermost layer of the epidermis). In addition to hiding the luminous skin below, these cells also make it harder for the products in your routine to penetrate the skin. Gentle, gradual exfoliation helps stimulate the renewal of the epidermis, a process that is done at a slower pace after age 30.
The right kind of chemical exfoliant and number of times you should use it depends on how sensitive your skin is and the concentration of the exfoliating ingredient in the product. This can range from exfoliating essences (low concentration), which can be used daily, to higher concentrate exfoliants, which you should use once or twice a week. Azelaic acid provides amazing results, given its high tolerance and effectiveness, though people with rosacea or dermatitis should not use these kinds of exfoliants.
Up your usage of exfoliants gradually and based on your skin’s tolerance. Remember, the idea is to not piss of your skin!
Do you want to know about step 3??